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Is your Blood Glucose level High : Hyperglycemia

Updated: Aug 18, 2021

What is Hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia also termed as High blood Glucose is a condition in which a person has a high or raised level of blood glucose in their body which can be harmful for their health.

The reason for Hyperglycemia is having less amount of insulin or your body is not able to use insulin properly.

It can affect people with type 1 and type 2 Diabetes.

Hyperglycemia also are of two types:

  • After meal Hyperglycemia: When your blood sugar level reach upto 180mg/dL after 2 hours of meal.

  • Fasting Hyperglycemia: When your blood sugar level reaches higher than 130mg/dL after not eating or drinking for at least 8 hours.

What is Non Diabetic Hyperglycemia?

As the name suggests, you are not a patient of Diabetes but you are suffering from Hyperglycemia and that is called Non Diabetic Hyperglycemia.

Causes for Non Diabetic Hyperglycemia:

  • · Cushing syndrome or polycystic ovarian syndrome

  • · Infections or Stress

  • · Medicines like steroids or diuretics

  • · Lack of Exercise and Obesity

  • · Family history of Diabetes

Hyperglycemia Causes for Diabetic:

  • Skipping your insulin medication

  • Eating too much Carbs

  • Infection or illness

  • Stress

  • Less Exercise

Why you should maintain Hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia increases your risk of infection and increases your healing time and slowly damages your nerves, blood vessels, tissues and organ that can lead to heart attack or stroke and many other problems. So, it’s very important to maintain Hyperglycemia or your blood sugar level in normal range.

Hyperglycemia Levels

When your blood sugar level is more than 180mg/dL or if your blood sugar level suddenly increases more than 140mg/dL is not a good sign.

In 2011,WHO recommended that glycated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) for non-Diabetic is between 4 to 5.9%

And if it is between 6 to 6.4% you are at risk of Diabetes and if its higher than 6.5% then you have diabetes.

What are the Symptoms and Signs of Hyperglycemia?

The signs and symptoms include the following:

The main symptoms of Hyperglycemia are Increase Thirst, Hunger and Urination.

  • High levels of sugar in the urine

  • Trouble in Focusing

  • Headaches

  • Blurred eyesight

  • Weakness

  • Wright loss

  • Blood sugar more than 180 mg/dL

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Pain in Abdomen

Symptoms are mostly common in both Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Hyperglycemia

Why to treat Hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia is serious because:

If your blood sugar levels are high for more period of time it can damage your organs and lead to diabetes.

If your blood sugar level is dangerously very high then it can lead to Ketoacidosis and much worse condition like Hypersmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHS)


Ketoacidosis is a condition in which your body cannot release all the ketones through urine and this build up ketones in your blood

Ketoacidosis is lethal and you must immediately rush to the Hospital:

The Symptoms are:

  • Shortness of breath

  • Breath that smells fruity

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Very dry mouth

Hypersmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome

Hypersmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHS) is a complication in people with Type 2 Diabetes in which the glucose (sugar) level is high without ketones.

Symptoms when it gets worse:

· Loss of feeling or function of muscles

· Problems with movement

· Speech impairment

Hyperglycemia treatment

Treating Hyperglycemia is necessary if your blood glucose levels are not in the normal range and you can do the following to lower your blood sugar level:

Adding Exercise in your schedule: Exercise is termed to lower your blood sugar level and it also improves glucose homeostasis and reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications by 40%.You can read here Exercise on Hyperglycemia

Caution: If your blood sugar level is higher than 240mg/dL then you should check for ketones in your urine and stop your exercise (if you have ketones)

Drinking more water: Water keeps you Hydrated and allows removal of excess sugar through your urine

Proper diet: You should try and consult a dietitian about your diet and correct your time of eating and amount of foods you eat, as diet also plays a major role in controlling your Glucose or blood sugar level.

Quit smoking and alcohol: Alcohol and smoking makes it harder for your body to control your sugar levels and Nicotenes and other chemical in cigarettes will cause lung damage.

Always remember to consult a Doctor before taking any action.


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